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poppyOn this day one hundred years ago four soldiers of the 1st Battalion, The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, including the Commanding Officer were killed in action (KIA) in France. The 2nd Battalion had 44 men KIA at the Battle of Tanga in German East Africa and a further 5 men dying of wounds (DOW) later in the day.

They shall grow not old, as we that are left grow old: Age shall not weary them, nor the years condemn. At the going down of the sun and in the morning, We will remember them.


1st Battalion

Battalion War Diary

Heavy rifle and artillery fire about 10am and inflicted severe casualties. Captain Slade called up reinforcements from our right about noon and (Lt ?) was sent down for the reinforcements and to report the situation to Major CARTER who then came up to the trenches to see for himself. On this round he was first wounded by a bullet and then struck a second time by a shrapnel bullet and killed. Earlier in the day Captain and Adjutant Allen was wounded by shrapnel which burst in HQ. I think this is the heaviest shrapnel and other artillery fire we have as yet had to put up with since the commencement of the War. The bearing of the NCOs and men of the Regiment was worthy of all praise. Total casualties of 250 men in the trenches was 15 killed and 35 wounded. We were relieved at dusk by the Gloucester Regiment and bivouacked the night south of the Menin Road.

Major AUBREY JOHN CARTER D.S.O, Mentioned in Despatches (KIA)

8280 Private CHARLES EDWARD CHAMBERS (KIA)
9983 Private ERNEST ELKINGTON (KIA)
8908 Private ALFRED HARRY MOORE (KIA)


2nd Battalion

The Battle of Tanga (A.K.A The Battle of the Bees)

The Battle of Tanga was an unsuccessful attack by the British Indian Expeditionary Force “B” under Major General A.E. Aitken to capture German East Africa in concert with the invasion Force “C” near Longido on the slopes of Mount Kilimanjaro. It was the first major event of the war in German East Africa and saw the British defeated by a significantly smaller force of German Askaris and colonial volunteers.

At noon on 4th November 1914, Aitken ordered his troops to march on the city. Well concealed defenders quickly broke up their advance. The fighting then turned to jungle skirmishing by the southern contingent and bitter street fighting by the harbor force. The Gurkhas of the Kashmiri Rifles and the 2nd Loyal North Lancashire Regiment of the harbour contingent made good progress and entered the town, captured the customs house and Hotel Deutscher Kaiser and ran up the Union Jack. But then the advance was stopped. Less well trained and equipped Indian battalions of the 27th Bangalore Brigade scattered and ran away from the battle. The 98th Infantry were attacked by swarms of angry bees and broke up. The bees attacked the Germans as well, hence the battle’s nickname.

tanga

“Battle of Tanga, 3rd-5th November, 1914” (Germans on the left, British on the right). Martin Frost (1875-1927).

Major FRANCIS JOSEPH BRAITHWAITE (KIA)
Lieutenant CYRIL GARLIES DICKSON (KIA)
Lieutenant SAMUEL VERNON EINEM-HICKSON (KIA)

5019 Colour Serjeant MARK HAMPSON (KIA)
8242 Lance Serjeant EDWARD MALLEY (KIA)
7208 Serjeant THOMAS McCULLOUGH (KIA)
5517 Serjeant WILLIAM WATSON (KIA)
8842 Corporal FREDERICK JAMES CATOR (DOW)
9253 Lance Corporal LEONARD CHARLES JENNER (KIA)
9877 Lance Corporal WALTER TAYLOR D.C.M (KIA)
9355 Lance Corporal GEORGE STARLING (KIA)
8495 Private LIONEL GREGGAINS (KIA)
9438 Private FRANK ADAMSON (KIA)
9467 Private WALTER BALLANTINE (KIA)
9130 Private THOMAS BAMBER (KIA)
9673 Private CHARLES WILLIAM CHARLISH (KIA)
9798 Private TOM CHARNOCK (KIA)
9971 Private DAVID CLARKE (KIA)
10263 Private HERBERT LEO CRAVEN (KIA)
9234 Private RICHARD CROCKFORD (KIA)
8917 Private EDWARD CROSHER (KIA)
9865 Private JOSEPH DAY (KIA)
8587 Private RICHARD DERBYSHIRE (KIA)
9121 Private WALTER JAMES ELLIS (KIA)
9679 Private THOMAS EVANS (KIA)
9640 Private ROBERT GUEST (KIA)
9582 Private JOHN WILLIAM HARGREAVES (KIA)
8379 Private CHRISTOPHER HARKER (DOW)
9929 Private ERNEST HATFULL (KIA)
8778 Private FREDERIC VICTOR HITCHING (DOW)
9731 Private JOHN JOHNSON (DOW)
10527 Private JOHN WILLIAM JONES (DOW)
9152 Private JAMES THOMAS JUNIPER (KIA)
9610 Private WILLIAM KEEN (KIA)
10240 Private WILFRED LAMB (KIA)
10194 Private JOHN McNAMEE (KIA)
9783 Private ERNEST NUNN PETTITT (KIA)
10128 Private ROBERT REID (KIA)
10094 Private JOSEPH ROBERTSHAW (KIA)
10172 Private ROBERT SCOTT (KIA)
9624 Private MICHAEL BARBOSA (Alias JOHN SHAW)  (KIA)
9935 Private GEORGE WILLIAM SMITH (KIA)
8898 Private HORACE PERCY TAYLOR (KIA)
9334 Private JOHN GEORGE TOWERS (DOW)
10065 Private ROBERT WASS (KIA)
9170 Private CHARLES ARTHUR WEAVER (KIA)*
9847 Private CHARLES WHITELOCK (KIA)
9531 Private FREDERICK WRIGHT (KIA)
9143 Private ERNEST EDWARD YOUNG (KIA)

*CWGC lists date of death as 5th November. SDGW shows 4th November which is more likely to be correct.


Total Casualties to date (inclusive)

cross 343

Regulars
1st Battalion: 284 – Worst day: 14/09/1914 (85)
2nd Battalion: 49 – Worst day: 04/11/1914 (49)

Territorials
1/4th Battalion: 2
1/5th Battalion: 3

New Armies
7th Battalion: 1
10th Battalion: 1

Reserves and Home Service
Depot: 1
3rd Battalion: 1
Unknown: 1


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Paul McCormick

Paul McCormick is the creator and administrator for the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment website. Since 2010 he has been researching the soldiers that served during the First World War and sharing their stories on his website. You can contact Paul through the website 'Contact Me' page or on Twitter and Facebook.
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