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  1. Battalions of the Regular Army (1,2)
  2. Army Reserve Battalions (3, 11)
  3. Battalions of the Territorial Army (4, 5)
  4. Service Battalions (6,7,8,9,10,15)
  5. Other Battalions (12,13,14)

 

Battalions of the Regular Army

1st (Regular) Battalion

1

The 1st Battalion were part of the BEF (2nd Brigade in 1st Division) and landed in France on 13th August 1914. The Battalion originally comprised of regular pre-war soldiers. They were the only LNL battalion at Mons, and subsequently were part of the ‘Great Retreat’. They were present at; Marne, Aisne, Ypres, Langemarck 1914, Gheluvelt, Nonne Bosschen, Givenchy 1914, Aubers, Loos, Somme, Albert 1916, Bazentin, Pozieres, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Arras, Messines 1917, Passchendaele, Lys, Bethune, Drocourt-Queant, Hindenburg Line, Epehy, St. Quentin Canal, Selle and Sambre. In February 1918 they were transferred to 1st Brigade, 1st Division. The 1st were the only LNL battalion to qualify for the 1914 Star, the majority of recipients also being awarded the clasp ‘5th Aug.-22nd Nov. 1914’ for being under-fire at Mons.

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2nd (Regular) Battalion

2

When war was declared, the 2nd Battalion had been stationed in India. They sailed with Expeditionary Force B to German East Africa (they were the only LNL Bn to serve on this continent). The 2nd Battalion took part in the unsuccessful attack at Tanga. Whilst in GEA they were dispersed throughout East Africa in small detachments. Uniquely, they are the only Battalion in the British Army to have earned the Battle Honour ‘Kilimanjaro’. In 1917 they moved to Palestine, before being hurried to France in early 1918. In France, they earned the Battle Honours; Marne 1918, Ypres 1918, Soissonnais-Ourcq, Courtrai and France & Flanders 1914-18.

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Army Reserve Battalions

3rd (Reserve) Battalion

3

The 3rd Battalion moved on mobilisation to Felixstowe where it remained throughout the war as part of the Harwich Garrison. They were responsible for beach defence, and the training of drafts of soldiers received from the Regimental Depot at Fulwood Barracks. It was usual for wounded soldiers being sent back to the UK for treatment to have been briefly ‘on-the-books’ of the 3rd Battalion.

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11th (Reserve) Battalion

11

The 11th Battalion was raised at Felixstowe in October 1914 originally formed as a Service Battalion for Kitchener (K4). It was converted to a Reserve Battalion in April 1915 having moved to Chichester. They were later that year moved to Billericay and then Seaford. In September 1916 it was converted into 17th Training Reserve Battalion of 4th Reserve Brigade. A large number of men came through the 11th Battalion, before being drafted into our other Battalions.

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Battalions of the Territorial Army

1st / 4th (Territorial) Battalion

-14The 1st/4th Battalion were formed in Preston in August 1914. They were part of North Lancashire Brigade in West Lancashire Division. On 22 August 1914 they moved to Swindon and in November onto Sevenoaks. In April 1915 they were transferred to Highland Division and landed in Boulogne on 4th May. On 12 May 1915 the formation became the 154th Brigade in 51st (Highland) Division. In January 1916 they were transferred to 164th Brigade in 55th (West Lancashire) Division. The 1/4th Battalion earned the following Battle Honours; Ypres, Festubert 1915, Somme, Guillemont, Ginchy, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Pilckem, Menin Road, Cambrai, Lys, Estaires, France & Flanders 1914 – 18.

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2nd 4th(Territorial) Battalion

2-4

The 2nd/4th Battalion were formed in Preston in October 1914. They moved to Ashford in September 1915 and placed under command of 170th Brigade in 57th (2nd West Lancashire) Division. They moved on to Aldershot in July 1916 and then nearby Blackdown in October. On 8th February 1917 they landed at Le Havre, France. The 2/4th Battalion earned the following Battle Honours; Ypres, Passchendaele, Cambrai, Drocourt-Queant, Hindenburg Line, Canal du Nord, France & Flanders 1914 – 18.

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3rd 4th (Territorial) Battalion

3-4

The 3rd/4th Battalion were formed in May 1915. For the duration of the war they remained in England as a Training Reserve Battalion. They moved to Kirkham in June 1915 and Blackpool in October. They went on to Oswestry in spring 1916. In April 1916 they were re-titled to 4th (Reserve) Battalion. In September 1916 they absorbed the 5th (Reserve) Battalion. They moved to Dublin in April 1918.

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5th (Reserve) Battalion

5The 5th (Reserve) Battalion was a territorial battalion that had been formed in April 1916 by re-titling the 3rd/5th (Territorial) Battalion. The Battalion under this name didn’t last long as in September 1916 they were absorbed into the 4th (Reserve) Battalion at Oswestry.

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1st 5th (Territorial) Battalion

-15

The 1st/5th Battalion were formed in Bolton in August 1914. They were part of North Lancashire Brigade in West Lancashire Division. In August 1914 they were moved to Chipping Sodbury and on in November to Sevenoaks. In February 1915, they landed in France and were placed under the command of 16th Brigade in 6th Division. In June 1915 they were transferred to 151st Brigade in 50th (Northumbrian) Division; then on 21 December 1915 they were transferred to 26th Brigade in 9th (Scottish) Division. On 8 January 1916 they were transferred to 166th Brigade in 55th (West Lancashire) Division of whom they would continue to be a part of until June 1918 when they were finally transferred to 170th Brigade in 57th (2nd West Lancashire) Division, absorbing 4/5th Bn. They earned the following Battle Honours; Ypres, Somme, Guillemont, Ginchy, Flers-Courcelette, Morval, Arras, Pilckem, Menin Wood, Cambrai, Canal du Nord, France & Flanders 1914-18.

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2nd 5th (Territorial) Battalion

2-5The 2nd/5th Battalion were formed at Bolton in October 1914 as a second line unit. They landed at Le Havre, France on 9th February 1917. On 5th February 1918 they were converted into a Pioneer Battalion to same Division. The 2/5th Battalion were awarded the following Battle Honours; Ypres, Passchendaele, Cambrai and France & Flanders 1914-18.

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3rd 5th (Territorial) Battalion

3-5

The 3rd/5th Battalion were formed in April 1915. For the duration of the war they remained in England as a Training Reserve Battalion. They moved to Kirkham in June 1915 and Blackpool in October. They went on to Oswestry in spring 1916. In April 1916 they were re-titled to 5th (Reserve) Battalion. In September 1916 they were absorbed into the 4th (Reserve) Battalion.

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4th 5th (Territorial) Battalion

4-5

The 4th/5th Battalion were formed in 1915. They were attached to 170th Brigade in 57th (2nd West Lancashire) Division at Ashford. In July 1916 they moved to Aldershot, then Blackdown in October. On 12th February 1917 they landed at Le Havre, France. They earned the Battle Honours; Passchendaele, and France & Flanders 1914-18. The 4/5th Battalion were absorbed by 1/5th Bn on 4th February 1918.

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Army Service Battalions

6th (Service) Battalion

6

The 6th Battalion were formed at Preston in August 1914 as part of K1 and came under command of 38th Brigade in 13th (Western) Division. They were moved initially to Tidworth and then Blackdown in February 1915. On 17th June 1915 the Battalion sailed from Avonmouth, going to Gallipoli via Mudros. They landed at Anzac Cove at Gallipoli on 4th August. In January 1916 they were evacuated from Gallipoli to Egypt and here onto Mesopotamia. The 6th Battalion earned the Battle Honours; Suvla, Sari Bair, Gallipoli, Egypt 1916, Tigris 1916, Kut-Al-Amara 1917, Baghdad and Mesopotamia 1916-18. The 6th Battalion were the only LNL Bn to serve in the aforementioned places.

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7th (Service) Battalion

7

The 7th Battalion, which is commonly thought of as a ‘Pals’ Battalion was formed at Preston in September 1914 as part of K2. They came under command of 56th Brigade in 19th (Western) Division and moved to Whitchurch in December 1914. On 17th July 1915 they landed in France, where they served until being disbanded in February 1918. The 7th Battalion earned the Honours; Ypres, Loos, Somme, Albert 1916, Bazentin, Ancre Heights, Ancre 1916, Messines 1917, Menin Road, Polygon wood, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, and France & Flanders 1914-18.

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8th (Service) Battalion

8

The 8th Battalion were formed at Preston in September 1914 as part of K3 and came under command of 74th Brigade in 25th Division. They moved to Boscombe in December 1914, Bournemouth in January 1915 and returned to Boscombe in March. In May 1915 they moved to Romsey and then onto Aldershot the next month. On 16th September 1915 they landed at Boulogne. On 26th October 1915 they were transferred to 7th Brigade in same Division. The 8th Battalion were disbanded in France on 16th February 1918. The Battalion earned the honours; Ypres, Loos, Somme, Albert 1916, Bazentin, Pozieres, Ancre Heights, Messines 1917, Pilckem, Menin Road, and France & Flanders 1914-18.

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9th (Service) Battalion

9

The 9th Battalion were formed at Preston in September 1914 as part of K3 and came under command of 74th Brigade in 25th Division. They moved to Christchurch in December 1914 and to Southbourne in January 1915. In May 1915 they were moved to Romsey and then onto Aldershot the following month. On 26th September 1915 the Battalion landed in France. In June 1918 they formed a composite battalion with the 8th Border Regiment and were transferred to 50th (Northumbrian) division. On 12th August 1918 the 9th Battalion were disbanded. The Battalion earned the following Battle Honours; Aisne, Ypres, Loos, Somme, Albert, Bazentin, Pozieres, Ancre Heights, Messines 1917, Pilckem, St. Quentin, Bapaume 1918, Lys, Estaires, Bailleul, Kemmel, Scherpenberg, and France & Flanders 1914-18.

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10th (Service) Battalion

10The 10th Battalion were formed at Preston in October 1914 as part of K3 and attached as Army Troops to 22nd Division. They then moved to South Downs and Eastbourne. In April 1915 they were transferred to the 112th Brigade in 37th Division. The 10th Battalion sailed for France on 31st July 1915, landing at Boulogne the following day. The Battalion were disbanded in France in February 1918. The 10th Bn earned the following Honours; Ypres, Somme, Ancre 1916, Arras, Scarpe 1917, Arleux, Menin Road, Polygon Wood, Poelcappelle, Passchendaele, and France & Flanders 1914-18.

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15th (Service) Battalion

15

The 15th Battalion were formed at Cromer on 1st June 1918 and nearly immediately absorbed the 11th Bn King’s Liverpool Regiment into them. They transferred (as Pioneer Battalion) to 14th (Light) Division, which was reforming at Brookwood. The 15th Battalion landed in France on 5th July 1918. They earned the Battle Honours; Ypres, Courtrai, and France & Flanders 1914-18.

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Other Battalions

1st 12th (Pioneer) Battalion

1-12

The 1st/ 12th Battalion were formed as a Territorial Pioneer Battalion at Lytham St. Annes in April 1915. They were attached to 69th Division at Thetford between 13 May 1916 and 1 June 1916, and were then attached 60th (2/2nd London) Division at Sutton Veny. The 1/12th Battalion landed in France on 22nd June 1916. They were transferred to 32nd Division in November 1916. In January 1917 they moved to Salonika, rejoining 60th Division on 23rd January 1917. On 10th April 1918 they were transferred to 74th (Yeomanry) Division, and the following month moved with them to France. They earned the Honours; Somme, Ancre 1916, Hindenberg Line, Epehy, France & Flanders 1914-18, Doiran 1917, Gaza, Nebi Samwil, Jerusalem, Jaffa, and Palestine.

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2nd 12th Battalion

2-12

The 2nd/12th Battalion were formed at Lytham St. Annes in March 1916 as a Reserve Territorial Pioneer Battalion. On 1st September 1916 they were absorbed into the 4th Reserve Bn and ceased to exist.

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13th (Home) Battalion

13

The 13th Battalion were a home service battalion formed in Blackpool on 4th December 1916. They were under the command of 219th Brigade in 73rd Division. In January 1917 they moved to Danbury and then to Southend in October. They were disbanded at some point in mid-1918.

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14th (Home) Battalion

14

The 14th Battalion was a territorial home service entity. It was originally based in Blackpool and called the 42nd Provisional Battalion which had been formed in June 1915. It became the 14th Bn on 1st January 1917 and was moved to Witham in Essex under the command of 218th Brigade in 73rd Division. They were disbanded in December 1917.

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