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11918 Private Arthur HARTArthur Hart was born in Bolton in 1895 and was the son of Frederick Henry Hart (b. 1860), a cotton mill labourer, and Winifred Hart (née Brady b. 1859).

He first appeared on the Census in 1901 when he was living at 16 Bowden Street, Bolton with his parents and siblings Rosannah (b. 1879), Robert (b. 1883), Isabella (b. 1885), Frederick Henry (b. 1893) and Frank (b. 1897).

By 1911 the family were living at 94 Ellesmere Street, Bolton. Son Robert was no longer present but there was another daughter living there – Winifred (b. 1903) and a granddaughter Amelia Hart (b. 1905).

The 1911 Census records that Arthur was one of 11 children, 4 of whom had died by 1911. He was at that point working as a plaiter down in a bleachworks.

When war broke out in August 1914, Arthur enlisted into the Army at Bolton and joined the 6th Battalion of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment with the number 11918.

Private Arthur Hart sailed for Gallipoli from Avonmouth aboard HMT Braemar Castle on 15th June 1915 and unfortunately would be reported missing (later presumed to have been killed) during the action at Chunuk Bair on the 9th August 1915.

The official despatch about the action states;

“The two battalions of the New Army chosen to hold Chunuk Bair were the 6th Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. The first of these arrived in good time and occupied the trenches. Even in the darkness their commanding officer, Lieut-Colonel H.G. Levinge, recognized how dangerously these trenches were sited, and he began at once to dig observation posts on the actual crest and to strengthen the defences where he could; but he had not time given him to do much.

The second battalion, the Wiltshires, were delayed by the intricate country; they did not reach the edge of the entrenchment until 4am, and were then told to lie down in what was believed, erroneously, to be a covered position. At daybreak on Tuesday 10th August, the Turks delivered a grand attack from the Chunuk Bair Hill-Q against these two battalions, already weakened in numbers, though not in spirit, by previous fighting.

First our men were shelled by every enemy gun, and then, at 5.30am, were assaulted by a huge column consisting of no less than a full division, plus a regiment of three battalions.

The Loyal North Lancashire men were simply overwhelmed in their shallow trenches by sheer weight in numbers, whilst the Wiltshires who were caught in the open, were literally almost annihilated. The ponderous mass of enemy swept over the crest, turned the right flank of our line below, swarmed round the Hampshires and General Baldwin’s column, which had to which had to give ground and were only extricated with great difficulty and very heavy losses.

Towards this supreme struggle the absolute last two battalions from our general reserve were now hurried, but by 10am, the effort of the enemy was spent. Soon their shattered remnants began to trickle back, leaving a track of corpses behind them, and by nightfall, except prisoners or wounded, no live Turk was left upon our side of the slope.”

The Bolton Journal and Guardian printed the following article on 1st December 1916.

Another local man who enlisted on the outbreak of war and was lost in the Gallipoli fighting, and is now officially presumed to have died, is Pte. ARTHUR HART, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. An employee in the making-up room at Gilnow Bleachworks, he lived with his parents at 27, Cross Ormrod-st., Bolton, and was 21 years of age. He set sail in July of last year, and was reported missing on August 8th. His name is on the St. Edmund’s Roll of Honour.

Arthur is remembered on the Helles Memorial and his next of kin later received his 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal. They would also receive a memorial plaque and scroll bearing his name and in recognition of his sacrifice. His war gratuity was paid to his father.

Helles Memorial

Helles Memorial

Rank: Private
Service No: 11918
Date of Death: 09/08/1915
Regiment/Service: The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, 6th Bn.

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