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13852 Lcpl Samuel HulmeSamuel Hulme was born in Bolton in c1896 and was the son of iron moulder Samuel (b.1873) and Emma Hulme (née Bowker, b.1874).

The 1901 Census shows Samuel as living at 8 Livingstone Street which was the home of his maternal grandmother Elizabeth Bowker, with his mother and brother William Edward (b.1895) but his father was not present on the evening of the census.

By 1911 he was living with his mother and siblings; William Edward, Albert (b.1904), James (b.1906). Alice (b.1909) and Emma (b.1910). Samuel 15 years old and was working as a piecer. Once again his father is not listed on the census return and two other children were recorded as having died. The family were boarding at 3 Scott Street in the household of James Seddon, a widower, and his daughter.

No service records appear to have survived so information about his enlistment is limited but we know that soon after war was declared he enlisted in Kitchener’s New Armies in Bolton and joined the 6th (Service) Battalion of the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment and was given the number 13852.

The 6th Battalion were formed at Preston in August 1914 as part of K1 and came under command of 38th Brigade in 13th (Western) Division. They were moved initially to Tidworth and then Blackdown in February 1915 where they trained and prepared for service overseas. On 17th June 1915 the Battalion sailed from Avonmouth on HMT Braemar Castle, heading to Gallipoli via Mudros. They landed at Anzac Cove on 4thAugust and were quickly thrust into action at Chunuk Bair five days later.

The official despatch about the action states;

“The two battalions of the New Army chosen to hold Chunuk Bair were the 6th Loyal North Lancashire Regiment. The first of these arrived in good time and occupied the trenches. Even in the darkness their commanding officer, Lieut-Colonel H.G. Levinge, recognized how dangerously these trenches were sited, and he began at once to dig observation posts on the actual crest and to strengthen the defences where he could; but he had not time given him to do much.

The second battalion, the Wiltshires, were delayed by the intricate country; they did not reach the edge of the entrenchment until 4am, and were then told to lie down in what was believed, erroneously, to be a covered position. At daybreak on Tuesday 10th August, the Turks delivered a grand attack from the Chunuk Bair Hill-Q against these two battalions, already weakened in numbers, though not in spirit, by previous fighting.

First our men were shelled by every enemy gun, and then, at 5.30am, were assaulted by a huge column consisting of no less than a full division, plus a regiment of three battalions.

The Loyal North Lancashire men were simply overwhelmed in their shallow trenches by sheer weight in numbers, whilst the Wiltshires who were caught in the open, were literally almost annihilated. The ponderous mass of enemy swept over the crest, turned the right flank of our line below, swarmed round the Hampshires and General Baldwin’s column, which had to which had to give ground and were only extricated with great difficulty and very heavy losses.

Towards this supreme struggle the absolute last two battalions from our general reserve were now hurried, but by 10am, the effort of the enemy was spent. Soon their shattered remnants began to trickle back, leaving a track of corpses behind them, and by nightfall, except prisoners or wounded, no live Turk was left upon our side of the slope.”

During the battle Samuel was killed in action. He was 19 years old and is remembered on the Helles Memorial. The Bolton Journal and Guardian ran the following notice on 10th September 1915;

Boltonians in Fierce Engagement

… Hulme was only 19 years of age when he joined the Army, and we regret to say his mother at 3, Scott-st., Halliwell, has received the melancholy news that he was killed in action while gallantly serving his King with the Mediterranean Force in the Gallipoli Peninsular. He sailed for the Mediterranean in June, and had only been fighting a comparatively short time when he met his death on August 9th. He was a smart young soldier, and was quickly rewarded for his ability with his first stripe. He was a scholar at St. Matthew’s School, and prior to joining the Army was a piecer at Park Mill, Gaskell-st.

Emma later received her son’s war gratuity payment, the 1914/15 Star, British War Medal and Allied Victory Medal. The family would also receive a memorial plaque and scroll bearing his name and in recognition of his sacrifice.

Helles Memorial

Helles Memorial

Rank: Lance Corporal
Service No: 13852
Date of Death: 09/08/1915
Age: 19
Regiment/Service: The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, 6th Bn.

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