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Joseph Hogarth was born in Preston in the December quarter of 1890 to Margaret Ann Hogarth, a single lady from Preston. In 1891 he was living with his mother at 31 Mount Pleasant in Preston, the home of his widowed Grandmother Hannah Hogarth. Margaret Ann Hogarth then married Thomas Smith in Preston in 1898 and by the time the 1901 Census had been recorded Margaret Ann and Thomas Smith had two sons of their own, John (1898) and James (1900). The Census shows Joseph, his mother, stepfather and two half siblings living at 4 Chandler Street in Preston where Thomas Smith was employed as a cotton spinner. Between 1901 and 1911 Margaret Ann and Thomas had two more children, a son Wilfred arrived in 1902 and then a daughter Agnes was born in 1905.

In the first quarter of 1911 Joseph married local girl Ellen Whiteside in Preston, a son George was born to the couple in the second quarter of 1911 but sadly, he died just a few weeks later. When the 1911 Census was recorded Joseph and Ellen were `lodging` with George and Annie Jane Dunlevy at 13 Water Lane in Preston and Joseph was working in one of the local mills as a spindle grinder. The following year Joseph went to work for H. Viney & Co. Ltd, motor wagon carriers based on Strand Road which was not far from where he was living.

At the age of 25 years and 2 months Joseph attested into the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment at Preston on the 11th December 1915 and was initially issued with the service number 6910 which would later become 203143. Joseph was immediately posted to the Army Reserve and was not mobilised until 28th September 1916, two days later he was posted to the 4th Battalion LNL. He confirmed that he had no previous military service. His occupation was now a steeplejack and he gave his home address as 7 Smirk Street in Preston.

Joseph embarked at Folkestone with a batch of reinforcements on the 9th February 1917, arriving at Etaples on the 10th. After spending a couple of weeks at the base depot he was posted to the 1/5th Battalion, joining them in the field on the 3rd March 1917. When Joseph arrived the 1/5th Battalion was at “B” Camp in Brandhoek but three days later they moved into billets in the Convent, Ypres. The portion of the line they would now be actively involved in on the Ypres Salient ran from Wieltje to the south of Railway Wood, the Battalion History noting that during the first few months at least this sector could be described as quiet.

The Battalion was present in the Convent billets in Ypres on the 9th April 1917, the War Diary noting; “Remainder of the Tower of Ypres Cathedral collapsed at 11am. Commencement of the ARRAS offensive by First and Third Armies”.

By the 1st June the 1/5th Battalion was in the trenches at Railway Wood as “Support Working Battalion” but sadly on the 20th June 1917 Joseph was killed by a shell along with three of his comrades; 241160 Pte. E. Waterworth, 242404 Pte. A. Collier, 241366 Pte. Thomas H. Parkin, the three men later being buried alongside each other in Vlamertinghe New Military Cemetery.

Joseph`s death was later announced in the Preston Guardian;

A few of Joseph`s personal effects were later sent to his widow Ellen in Preston, including; 1 purse, 2 religious medallions, 1 coin, 2 keys, a pair of scissors and some photographs.

Ellen Hogarth remarried to George Stone in 1920, the marriage being registered in the Lancaster District and in 1921 she received Joseph`s British War and Victory Medals, signing as Mrs. E. Stone (Hogarth). Ellen would also have received his Memorial Plaque and Scroll in recognition of his sacrifice.

Joseph is remembered on the Harris Museum Roll of Honour (pictured below) and his name also appears on the Memorial Plaque inside St. Walburge`s Roman Catholic Church in Preston.

Harris Museum RoH

Rank: Private
Service No: 203143
Date of Death: 20/06/1917
Regiment/Service: The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, 1st/5th Bn.

Janet Davis
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