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Edward Long was born in Swindon in November 1877, and by 1914 he was living in South Farnborough, Hants with his wife (Florence) and young child having already completed 13 years in the Army.

Edward had first enlisted into the Loyal North Lancashire Regiment on 21st October 1898 which was shortly before his 21st birthday. In 1910 at Tidworth, Edward re-engaged for a term that would then see him complete 21 years service, however he was then discharged in March 1912.

When War broke in August 1914 out Edward was quickly mobilized into the Special Reserve. He sailed to France to join the 1st Battalion in the field on 27th August 1914.

On 22nd December 1914 at La Basse, he was taken as a prisoner of war.

21st – 22nd December 1914.
On 21st December at 07:00AM the battalion, with 2nd Brigade moved by motorbuses to Zelobes (1/2 mile west of Vieille Chapelle). From Zelobes they marched to Le Touret, arriving about 12:45PM.

Orders were received that the battalion, along with the Northamptons, should make a night attack in order to regain some trenches that had been taken by the Germans on the night of 19th – 20th December near an orchard by LA QUINQUE RUE. It was noted in the War Diary that the information of the enemy’s disposition was somewhat vague.

The battalion left Le Touret at 15:30PM followed by the Northamptons and were led by a guide (an officer of 2nd Gurkhas) to a spot from which it was decided the attack should commence. The men carried 170 rounds of ammunition each.

By 18:45PM the two battalions were deployed ready to advance. A and D Coys in the front line, supported by C and B Coys at 100 yards distance. The Loyal North Lancashires took the right of the line and the Northamptons the left. The whole frontage covered about 300 yards.

At 19:00PM the order to advance was given by Major Powell and the whole line moved forward with fixed bayonets, the companies now being closed up and in two ranks.
After crossing two lines of trenches occupied by the 58th Infantry, with heavy rifle fire they charged and occupied the front line of the enemy’s trenches. After a short halt the attack was continued and another trench about 100 yards further on was captured. The battalion advanced further and was reorganised on a road by the orchard. During the advance 2nd Lieut Ellis was seriously wounded and about 20 men killed and wounded.

A line was occupied, and a reconnaissance conducted about 20 yards to the rear of the orchard. Tools were sent up to the newly held trench an hour or so later. It is written that the night was very wet and cold and the men only had minimum rations.

The line was held throughout the night, but they did suffer some casualties from bombs that were thrown from a German trench running obliquely to their right flank. At 07:00 AM on the 22nd December a Company was withdrawn from the Northamptons line due to the trenches being over-crowded.

Shortly after day break a very strong German attack developed from the direction of LA QUINQUE RUE and by 10:00AM the line became untenable chiefly owing to the enfilade fire (flanking fire) from the right flank which was very exposed.

After suffering very heavy losses and putting up a very stubborn defence, the retirement of the line commenced from the left and about 300 men succeeded in reaching the Rue de Bois.

The Battalion was collected and reformed on Rue de L’Epinette, the Machine Gun detachment cooperating with the Northamptons went up in support and a line was held by them roughly on the line when the attack had started on the night before. At about 15:00PM the battalion was withdrawn and went into billets at La Couture.

The battalion loses from this action were heavy. Captains Smart and Graham killed. Captains (De Cantect), Lieutenant Batty-Smith, 2nd Lieutenant Gilliland were all missing. Captain Hay was slightly wounded. There were 408 other ranks killed, wounded or missing, including Edward Long.

Lance Corporal Edward Long died of typhus whilst a prisoner of war in Wittenberg POW camp on 31st March 1915. He had volunteered to work on the wards as an orderly during the well documented typhoid endemic and mistreatment by Germans.

An extract from the final page of the ‘Horrors of Wittenburg: The Official Report to the British Government’.

…These officers concur in praising the splendid bearing of the orderlies. They each of them volunteered for the work; they tended prisoners of all nationalities. They all of them, with full understanding, for they were all warned, risked their lives without a thought, and many of them died at their post.

The Committee hope to be able in due course to supply His Majesty’s Government with a full list of these heroic souls.

The Committee feel that every one of these officers and men as truly offered his life for the sake of others as any soldier on the battlefield, and they venture to hope that the devoted service of such of them as survive will be duly remembered at the proper time.


Edward was buried in Berlin South-west Cemetery. His next of kin was his mother, Mrs Jane Long of 22 Vicarage Street, Nottingham.

Rank: Lance Corporal
Service No: 5924
Date of Death: 31/03/1915
Regiment/Service: The Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, 1st Bn.

Paul McCormick
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